Swing over the crank and rotate until it dropped into place, engaging the winding mechanism. Now turn crank clockwise as far as the stop permits. The motor transports at one winding over 16 feet of film at a constant speed (at 16 frames per second this corresponds to a running time of about 40 seconds). The spring cannot be over wound as it has an automatic interlock operating at a point just before the tension would be too low to provide adequate power. The motor stops in this case with the shutter closed. Overexposure and waste of film – the results of inadequate spring tension – are therefore completely eliminated.
If the camera is going to be stored for some time, it is advisable to allow the motor to run down with the camera unloaded, to avoid straining of the spring.
Setting the Exposure Meter
In order to avoid unintentional alteration of the film-speed setting, its control is situated inside the camera.
Open the camera by hingeing up the catch on the side. Give the catch a quarter turn to the left and lift the side plate off.
Set the dial by rotating the centre knob – if necessary with a coin – until the film-speed (DIN or ASA) appears opposite the black trinagular mark. The film-speed is now automatically taken care of by the exposure meter.
The EUMIG C16 can be adjusted for the exceptionally wide range of 9 – 27/10 DIN (4 – 600 ASA). Although such high-speed films are not yet in use, we wish to ensure that this camera will be abreast of future developments.
You can load your EUMIG C16 with 100 ft. or 50 ft. daylight-loading spools. The film transport mechanism is designed for the use of film perforated on both sides or on one side only. This is important and allows for the subsequent addition of a sound track.
Never load the camera in bright sunlight. If there is no other shade available, load in the shade of your own body.
After setting the film-speed, slide out the two loop-formers (between the pressure plate and the sprckets you will find two pins operating the loop-formers) and place the loaded spool on the upper spindle, so that the film runs in a clockwise direction. Now unwind about 8 inches of film, wind this round the top sprocket, over the loop-former, and push it down diagonally from above between the film gate and the pressure plate, until the pressure plate slips back into place. Pull the film out round the lower loop-former and sprocket, bend it over sharply about half-inch from the end, fasten it by wrapping 2 or 3 turns round the take-up spool and place this on the take-up spindle. N.B. The film must be wound on to the take-up spool in a clockwise direction. If there is not enough film available for threading, allow the motor to run for a moment. Make sure by turning the take-up spool in a clockwise direction that the film is properly secured to it, slide the loop-formers back, and check the operation of the camera by running the motor for a few moments. N.B. The cover plate cannot be replaced unless the loop-formers have been slid back into their original position.
After loading the camera according to the above instructions, replace the over plate and lock it in place, prise up the small hinged plate in the centre of the footage indicator, turn the dial until the two triangular marks coincide, and press the hunged plate back. Now let the motor run until the figure 0 is exactly opposite the triangular mark. The leader has now been run through, and the camera is ready for filming.
When using 100 ft. spools, continue filming until the footage indicator reaches the 100 ft. mark. At this point begins the trailer, whose purpose is to guard against fogging when unloading the camera. Allow the motor to run until the last mark on the dial is opposite the triangular mark. The trailer has now been run through, and the camera can be safely unloaded. The alteration in the tone of the motor is the sign that film is no longer being transported.
You can now open the camera – in the shad eif possible – to unload the full take-up spool. Tighten the film slightly on the spool – not too much, or else the emulsion will be damaged – put the spool n the metal container, and seal. The film can now be sent away for development.
The procedure for 50 ft. spools is similar. In this case, however, filming must cease when the footage indicator reaches the 50 ft. mark. About 6 ft. more of film is run through without opening the camera, so that the trailer is wound up on the lower spool.
The EUMIG C16 has a range of five speeds: 16, 24, 36, 48 and 64 frames per second. The speeds are selected by setting a knurled wheel on the front plate of the camera to a red dot.
You need have no worries about exposure, for the exposure meter automatically adjusts itself to the speed in use.
The exposure times for each of the above speeds are as listed below:
16 frames per second = 1/36 second (normal speed)
24 frames per second = 1/48 second (for 16 mm. sound film and for copying on commercial 35 mm. film)
32 frames per second = 1/64 second (slow motion)
48 frames per second = 1/96 second (slow motion)
64 frames per second = 1/128 second (slow motion)
Never run the camera at slow motion speeds when unloaded.
Normal Release, Continuous Running, and Single Shots
When the green dot on the button near the crank is set to the mark, the release can be operated by hand or cable.
When the red dot is set to the mark, the release is blocked.
For continuous running first, press the release knob or the cable release, and then set the red dot to the mark. The camera now runs by itself, and you can appear in the scene being filmed.
The handy power reserve indicator can be used for predetermining the length of scenes to be filmed when running the camera continuously. For further details see section on “The Power Reserve Indicator”.
For filming in the continuous running position we recommend the use of a tripod, and for this purpose we suppply a rapid-lock camera cradle to every EUMIG C16.
You can, of course, take continuous running shots at any speed (the automatic exposure meter always compensates for the speed in use).
By screwing a cable release into the bushing underneath the viewfinder eyepiece, you can take single shots. The exposure time for such shots is 1/25 second, due to the acceleration of the motor.
Consequently, take a diaphragm aperture half a stop smaller than that indicated by the exposure meter.
For example, if the reading is f/8, the diaphragm should be set for single shots, at betwee f/8 and f/11.
Single shots should always be taken with a tripod to avoid shake and shifting of the camera between shots.
Lens and Focussing
Your EUMIG C16 is fitted with the outstanding 25 mm. f/1.9 EUMIGAR lens, an EUMIG product. This high-speed lens is a four-element anastigmat in a focussing mount, colour corrected and coated on all surfaces, and gives exceedingly crisp definition.
The focussing scale (3 feet to infinity) in calibrated in metres as well as in feet.
For close-ups less than 3 feet away special supplementary lenses must be used.
The Telescopic Viewfinder
This viewfinder is an optical system of high precision consisting of 10 lenses, coated on all surfaces, and shows the field of view in natural size, i.e. to the scale of 1:1. This is a great advantage, as you can follow any scene through the viewfinder exactly as with the naked eye. For spectacle wearers, the eyepiece can be adjusted from plus to minus 4 dioptrics.
The te;escopic viewfinder s coupled with the focussing ring of the normal lens, being thus completely free of parallax from 3 feet to infinity.
The built-in, hinged masks always show the correct framing. When using the normal 25 mm. lens, the black knob beside the eyepiece is set so that the mark “f 25” coincides with the white dot. For the EUMACRONAR tele attachment the mark “2 x” is set to this dot, while the setting “1/2” is employed when filming with the EUMICRONAR wide-angle attachment.
The Built-in Automatic Exposure Meter
The exposure meter is one of the most attractive features of your EUMIG C16, as it prevents wrong exposure, still allowing intentional under exposure (faked sunset effects through stopping down, silhouettes etc.)
All you have to do is to keep the moving pointer in the viewfinder steady over the fixed mark; this is done by turning the knurled disc on the right-hand side of the front plate beside the diaphragm scale, which automatically sets the diaphragm.
The exposure meter compensates automatically for the film-speed and motor-speed used. Moreover its readings are correct for whatever lens is being used, tele, wide angle or portrait attachments.
Summary of Preparatory Manipulations
- Wind up motor
- Set film-speed
- Load film
- Set footage indicator
- Set motor-speed and
These manipulations soon become second nature, taking less than a couple of seconds.
Holding the Camera
If you are filming without a tripod, hold the camera with the left hand by the leather-covered lower portion, and rest the right hand lightly on it. The left index finger should rest on the release knob.
Select the frame with the viewfinder, set the exposure meter with the right index or middle finger, and you are ready for filming. The golden rule is to hold the camera is a steady, relaxed way, and not in a vice-like grip.
The rapid-lock camera cradle has been provided for filming with a tripod; the cradle is permanently screwed to the tripod, and the camera is locked to the cradle or removed from it by operating the rapid-lock lever.
Power Reserve Indicator
The red-painted part of the disc visible through the curved slots above the footage indicator shows how much of the motor-power has been consumed; the white painted part shows at a glance how much film can still be shot withut rewinding. The total length of the 5 slots represents the capacity of the motor fully wound, i.e. about 16 feet of film, each slot representing about 3 feet of film.
This handy device can be read in a flash, and enables you, for example, to predetermine the length of scenes shot with the camera set to the continuous running position, as you always have a check on the amount of power still available, (3 feet of film corresponds roughly to 8 seconds running time) so you can stay in the scene – if you wish to appear – right up to the last, and do not need to hurry back to switch off the camera. After the predetermined length of film has been shot, the camera automatically stops with the shutter closed.
A useful aid for the determination of scene-length is the click signal, audible once in about every 2 feet of film.
Filming with the Tele and Wide Angle Attachments
The EUMACRONAR tele and EUMICRONAR wide-angle attachments have been developed specially for the EUMIG C16. Apart from their optical excellence, they have the advantage that the effective aperture of the lens is in all cases f/1.9. Thus the exposure meter always gives the correct readings – even for tele and wide-angle shots.
Using the EUMACRONAR tele attachment, it is screwed into the normal lens mount; its focal length being thus doubled, i.e. 50 mm, resulting in a two-times magnification of objects filmed. The normal lens must be set at infinity, and focussing is done with the tele attachment. The viewfinder mask should be adjusted accordingly – see the section “The Telescopic Viewfinder”.
It is important to hold the camera very steady when using a tele lens, as any shakes are magnified two fold in the projection, due to the doubling of the focal length.
For filming scenes of greater area, the EUMICRONAR wide-angle attachment should be used. The handling of this attachment is similar to that of the tele attachment, but n this case the focal length is halved i.e. 12.5 mm. The correct viewfinder mask must be set here also.
Before filming with either tele or wide-angle attachment, first set the normal lens to ifinity. When using these attachments, the parallax adjustment is no longer operative, so that you must allow for parallax in close-ups when using these attachments. The discrepancy is 4.5 cm. in the vertical, and 3 cm. in the horizontal plane.
Care of the EUMIG C16
Your EUMIG C16 requires hardly any servicing at all and will always render trouble-free service provided that you observe the few precautions necessary for its proper care.
Keep the lens surfaces scrupulously clean, nevertheless avoid hard rubbing, which would damage the coating. Beware of dust and fngerprints.
The interior of the camera where the film runs should also be kept very clean. Fluff and gelatine dust may collect on the pressure plate. The pressure plate can easily be lifted, so that you can clean it and the film gate with a soft cloth or a thin piece of wood. Under no circumstances should metal or sharp objects be used for cleaning.
You EUMIG C16 has been designed to meet the most exacting requirements and to stand up to such conditions as may be encountered for example on expeditions. We would nevertheless ask you to give your camera loving treatment, and to protect it as far as possible from extremes of temperature, dust and humidity.